Tuesday, October 1, 2013

2nd October- Birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi - father of Indian nation

Mohandas K Gandhi at the age of 7
India got its independence by the endless efforts of the independence activists. Mahatma Gandhi(Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi) is a name which is remembered by and talked about by people throughout the world. He was a man who had a stick in hand and one Dhoti on his body and he ruled the world. He is known and considered as greatest, most powerful leader in the world. Many entrepreneurs and leaders speak of Gandhi as the most powerful and their role model as a leader.
 Mohandas K. Gandhi was born to KaramChand Gandhi and Putlibai on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire.  He was married to Kasturba(1883-1944) at a very early age of 13, and had 4 children with her.
After death of his father in 1888 he went to learn law in London and studied Indian Law in University College  London.
Meanwhile his mother expired in India when he was returning to India but was not told about it.
At the age of 24 he went to South Africa to work as a legal representative for the Muslim Indian traders and lived there for 21 years. This was the period of his life when he developed his leadership and political skills.
He returned to India in 1915 and joined Indian National Congress and was introduced to many politicians like Gopal Krishna Gokhale. He has contributed to India and  Indian independence in following ways:
(1) Contributed in First World War by encouraging the recruitment of  the soldiers for the world War which created controversy for him. It was against his principle of non-violence(Ahimsa)
Gandhi with Indira Gandhi - source wikipedia
(2) Champaran and Kheda- Worked for the tax relief for peasants in Bihar and Gujarat, who were affected by famine.
(3) Khilafat movement- he supported this movement of the Muslims and gain higher status because it attracted other Muslims to the NCP.
(4) Non- co-operation- Gandhi led this movement under which he advised the Indian people to boycott the foreign made goods and to use the self made goods. It was a very strong weapon which was admired by many. This movement ended up due to a violent clash in Chauri Chaura.
(5) Salt Satyagrah: Gandhi led thousands of people on a march from Ahmedabad to Dandi (388km) on feet from 12 March to 6th April 1930. Its main aim was to not pay the taxes on the salt, and so they marched to Gujarat to make salt by themselves. This movement was the most successful one.
(6) World War-II and quit India movement: In the world war II Gandhi decided non-co-operation to the Britain against the Nazi powers, and asked for the independence first. Britain refused to do so and it led to the most successful movement known as quit-India movement.  On 9 August 1942 Gandhi was arrested and was put in jail for 2 years, but the movement was still on. He was released on 6th May,just before the end of world war II. When Britain signaled the transfer of power to India, Gandhi called it off. Around 100,000 politician prisoners were released.
(7) Partition of India and Independence: Gandhi was against the partition of India because he had a vision of a united religions only one nation, but his vision of non-violence and unity was clouded with the power greedy people like Nehru and Jinnah. I am so sad for Gandhi that his vision ended up and country was parted into India and Pakistan, and resulted into Hindu Muslim riots which resulted into mass killings of the people.
Gandhi was assassinated by Nathu Ram Godase on 30th January 1948, by shooting three bullets into his chest. His assassin Godase and his co-operatives were tried and executed in 1949.
Gandhi has written his Auto-biography(The story of My experiments with Truth - 1927) and a numbers of other of his writings were published by Indian Government.
I wish Gandhi was still alive to lead this country as one nation to a happier and prosperous nation.
Long Live Gandhi!!